The Plumbata is a short, lightweight javelin or dart which has been used in ancient world at about 500 BC by the Greeks. During the Punic Wars the Romans adopted Plumbatae too.
It suited well as a long-distance weapon against adversarial cavalry. The big horses used to be a good aim and the horsemen fell off, when the animal was hit. That’s why Plumbata’s importance grew in late antiquity, when the use of cavalry increased. But it has also been used in Byzantium and up to late medieval times.
Length: approx. 54 cm
Weight: approx. 0.4 kg